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Old 08-14-2013, 06:06 PM   #1
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  • Jul 2013
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Reverse Osmosis (abrr. RO)

Reverse Osmosis (abrr. RO) - a water purification technology that uses a semipermeable membrane. This membrane-technology is not properly a filtration method. In RO, an applied pressure is used to overcome osmotic pressure, a colligative property, that is driven by chemical potential, a thermodynamic parameter. RO can remove many types of molecules and ions from solutions and is used in both industrial processes and in producing potable water. The result is that the solute is retained on the pressurized side of the membrane and the pure solvent is allowed to pass to the other side. To be "selective," this membrane should not allow large molecules or ions through the pores (holes), but should allow smaller components of the solution (such as the solvent) to pass freely. RO is most commonly known for its use in ECLSS and drinking water purification from seawater, removing the salt and other effluent materials from the water molecules.

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